Sunday, December 29, 2019
Course number : PSYC601D Course title : Counseling Theory and Techniques I Instructor : Dr. Adrian Robert Wang Chi Tong Student name : Tong Lai Ping Rebecca Student number : MAPC080131 DECLARATION I declare that the assignment here submitted is original except for source material explicitly acknowledged, and that the same or related material has not been previously submitted for another course. I also acknowledge that I am aware of Institute policy and regulations on honestly in academic work, and of the disciplinary guidelines and procedures applicable to breaches of such policy and regulations. Rebecca Tong Lai Ping 18-11-2009 Counseling Theory and Technique I PSYC601D Term Paper My personalÃ¢â¬ ¦show more contentÃ¢â¬ ¦Surely, person-centered theory has its contributions and strengths, but I need to accept also the theory has its weakness. In order to benefit the clients most, integration of some aspects of some other theories is a more realistic goal. Basic philosophy and key concepts According to person-centered therapy, the view of humans is positive; we have an inclination toward becoming fully functioning. In the context of the therapeutic relationship, the client experiences feelings that were previously denied to awareness. The client moves toward increased awareness, spontaneity, trust in self, and inner-directedness. I agree the basic philosophy of humans have an inclination towards becoming full functioning. My agreement base on both my belief and my personal experience. I am a Christian, I believe in the fact that humans are GodÃ¢â¬â¢s creation and God has a distinct plan for each. According to the famous book The Purpose Driven Life Rick Warren wrote Ã¢â¬Ëbefore you were born, God planned this moment in your lifeÃ¢â¬ ¦. God longs for you to discover the life he created you to liveÃ¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬â¢ Everyone needs to regain his or her awareness, and the counselor is the one to facilitate the process. I taught in a secondary school for quite a long time. A phenomenon I noticed was that all form one students behaved very well in the first three months. They were punctual, active and attentive in class, polite to both teachersShow MoreRelatedFinding Your Personal Theoretical Orientation921 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesHalbur and Halbur suggested that there are ten strategies to finding your personal theoretical orientation. They are as follows find yourself, articulate your values, survey your preferences, use your personality, capture yourself, let others inspire your learning, read original works, get real, study with a master, broaden your experiences. As a professional social worker, the main goal is to help a client in a positive and respectful manner. Unfortunately, client experiences and behaviors can makeRead MoreEssay about CCMH506 R2 Personality In Counseling Worksheet WK1819 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesPersonality in Counseling Worksheet Respond to the following questions in 100 to 175 words each. Use references and citations when appropriate. 1. What is the philosophy of the counseling profession? How has this changed over time? Why is this important to study? A. My practical view of the philosophy of the counseling profession is that each session is a journey of self-exploration by the client, meant to increase his/her level of self-understanding and self-awareness. B. The counseling professionRead MoreRationale Emotive Therapy Looks At The Causes Of Dysfunction1090 Words Ã |Ã 5 Pagesand maladaptive behavior. Incorporating EllisÃ¢â¬â¢s ABC model along with the Bowen TheoryÃ¢â¬â¢s eight components can enhance the clients counseling session. I also believe that combining these two theories helps to bring balance of the cognitive and emotional components during the session. Specific Populations and Techniques Populations that are best suited for the Bowen Theory are families, adults who were abused as children, parent child issues, couple conflict, and family disorders. Individual issuesRead MoreThe Theory Of Human Nature1723 Words Ã |Ã 7 Pageshave an awareness and understanding of the various theories that are available to use in counselling sessions. As my career evolves, so will my therapeutic orientation. I expect that my theoretical lens will shift slightly. In addition, developing my therapeutic orientation will help enhance my abilities as a therapist. My theoretical lens as it applies to human nature is discussed in this paper as it relates to the Marriage, Family, and Couple theory I selected. Also, discussed in this paper are techniquesRead MoreCouple/Family Theoretical Orientation. As A Future Marriage,1701 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesCouple/Family Theoretical Orientation As a future marriage, couple, and family counselor it is important for me to have an awareness and understanding of the various theories that are available to use in counselling sessions. As my career evolves, so will my therapeutic orientation. I expect that my theoretical lens will shift slightly. In addition, developing my therapeutic orientation will help enhance my abilities as a therapist. My theoretical lens as it applies to human nature is discussedRead MoreMental Health Counseling Essay example828 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesTheories play an important role in how a counselor serves their clients. Theories provide counselors with a foundation on which to build their counseling style. Ã¢â¬Å"Theories ground us as professional counselors. They provide a means to understand what we are doing, how we are serving clients, and how to explain counseling to clientsÃ¢â¬ (Erford, 2010). Counselors are responsible for being aware of different theories in order to apply them appropriate ly within their practice. Established and new theoriesRead MoreCounseling Theory And Theory Of Counseling Essay1346 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesAs a counseling student, it is very important to formulate a counseling theory tailored to onesÃ¢â¬â¢ own personality and beliefs. A counselor may choose a single theory to model when practicing therapy or pick and choose components and techniques from various theories, otherwise known as eclecticism. No theory is considered right or wrong. Understanding the different therapeutic approaches are important to effective counseling, however, counselors must also understand their own personal value, view ofRead MoreReflection Of A Theoretical Orientation916 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesA theoretical orientation is the model used to describe a clientÃ¢â¬â¢s behavior, tendencies and personality. Therapists canÃ¢â¬â¢t approach and find explanations of behavior or personality in the same manner due to the difference in client issues, diagnoses, and symptom s. Although different in nature each theoretical orientation consists of the general themes that can be seen and utilized universally. As a counselor, it is important to develop and have sense of which theoretical orientation works best forRead MoreDiversity Issues in Career Counseling Essay755 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesDiversity Issues in Career Counseling Abstract This paper will give a brief overview of how bias, assumptions and diversity can impact the career counseling relationship. The impact of values, bias, and the ability to move beyond barriers in the counseling relationship is essential to successful outcomes in working with clients. The rationale for the appropriateness of multicultural counseling competency and the impact of culture in the counseling process will be discussedRead More The Importance of Counseling Theories Essay590 Words Ã |Ã 3 Pages It is imperative to study counseling theories when beginning field based work. Counseling theories provide a foundation to be able to learn and develop my own techniques. Some ideas that exemplify the significance of counseling theories are; research, application of theories, and case studies. Research To understand or create a theory, one must first have scientific support. The best way to comprise such support is research. Counseling theories give an extensive basis of data from research
Posted by Unknown at 5:24 PM
Saturday, December 21, 2019
Describe an object that is important to you and explain why nbsp; nbsp;nbsp;nbsp;nbsp; My Kelty Redwing backpack is folded up in my closet. Cramped on a shelf next to a box of old textbooks and forgotten letters, my backpack, like me, would rather be elsewhere. nbsp; nbsp;nbsp;nbsp;nbsp; Gloomy New England is no place for an active pack such as mine. There, the packs buoyant purple, teal, and navy blue colors seem lost in shadow. Helpless, I do likewise, and watch my skin turn from a healthy tan to sickly white. We can hardly wait for the upcoming vacation. I take my pack to and from school with me. Holding up to 5600 cubic inches, my pack feels comfortable on my back even with sixty pounds of gear. nbsp;Ã¢â¬ ¦show more contentÃ¢â¬ ¦nbsp; nbsp; nbsp;nbsp;nbsp;Winter vacation ends rapidly. Nylon straps get tangled, YKK zippers get stuck, and in resistance the Kelty seems to weigh more than usual, but I win the fight and return it to school as scheduled. Though a battle ensues in returning to school, departure from it is effortless. Stuffed to the brim, my Kelty finally migrates west at the end of the school season. nbsp; nbsp;nbsp;nbsp;nbsp; Summer is definitely our favorite part of the year: little confinement, and every weekend off. A camping trip on the river, and we bask in the sun as our natural colors return. My backpack approves when loaded with riverside litter, since wilderness is best appreciated in its clean natural state. If I spot any imposing clear-cuts, by backpack will listen patiently while I rant. We hike in the mountains, and now I envy the pack since it gets to sit outdoors all night and observe its surroundings, while I breathe rapidly at the bottom of my sleeping bag trying not to freeze to death. On three-day trips well probably spend an afternoon on a ridge at thirteen thousand feet. We will lean against a slab of granite, listen to the wind whine, and watch the clouds fly by, both overhead and underneath us. Before descending I rummage through the pack once, hoping toShow MoreRelatedObject-oriented Programming and Systems Analysis Essay759 Words Ã |Ã 4 Pagesrel iable computers 1970s: system development becomes more like an engineering discipline 1980s: major breakthrough with 4Gl, case tools, object oriented methods 1990s: focus on system integration, GUI applications, client/server platforms, Internet The new century: Web application development, wireless PDAs, component based applications 3. List and explain the different phases in the SDLC? Planning- An organizationÃ¢â¬â¢s total information system needs are identified, analyzed, prioritized, andRead MoreThe Bouquet Of Flowers And The Frying Pan1170 Words Ã |Ã 5 Pages The Bouquet of Flowers and the Frying Pan They are just simple inanimate objects, items, things, whatever we want to call them, but it is up to us for those objects to become animate, giving them attention and importance in our lives and we become dependent on those objects. In the introduction of the book Taking Things Seriously: 75 Objects with Unexpected Significance by Joshua Glenn and Carol Hayes, Glenn talks about how different groups in our society criticizeRead MoreMarketing Research925 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesÃ¯ » ¿ MK0011 Ã¢â¬â Consumer Behaviour Q1. Explain the tri-component attitude model. Answer: According to this model, attitudes are consisting of three main components: a. Cognitive component (Knowledge, beliefs) b. Affective component (emotions, feelings) c. Conative component (behavioral aspect) Three components are interrelated and integrate to form an attitude of a person toward any product or service in consumer scenario. Cognative component:- The first part of the tri-component attitudeRead MorePlato vs. Nietzsche1140 Words Ã |Ã 5 Pagesthey do have something to agree upon; they both argue that humans live in an illusory world of our own that we think is reality when we actually are not. One important idea they disagree on is their concepts on what is reality and what is truth. PlatoÃ¢â¬â¢s theory is mostly based on his cave allegory where he explains humanÃ¢â¬â¢s conditions. I will explain the similarities and differences between Plato and Nietzsche through the cave allegory. Starting from a base point, Plato and Nietzsche both state that thereRead MoreNewtons First Law698 Words Ã |Ã 3 PagesHow does the equilibrium ruleÃ relate to Newtons first law of motion? Newtons first law states an object in motion will remain in motion unless acted upon by an outside for and an object at rest will remain at rest unless acted upon by an outside force. Either way the object will not have an accelerationÃ and since F=ma, and a=0 there must not be any forces acting on that object either with means the forces are in equilibrium. If an ice skater is moving forward at constant speed, the gravity forceRead MoreEssay on It244 Access Control652 Words Ã |Ã 3 Pages1. Access Control Policy Due in Week Seven: Outline the Access Control Policy. Describe how access control methodologies work to secure information systems 1.1. Authentication Describe how and why authentication credentials are used to identify and control access to files, screens, and systems. Include a discussion of the principles of authentication such as passwords, multifactor authentication, biometrics, and single-sign-on. Authentication credentials are used to control access to sensitiveRead MoreLangston Hughes Salvation, a Response1137 Words Ã |Ã 5 Pagesreader of the item being described. It is often creative, personal. The purpose of a descriptive essay is to describe a person, place, or thing in such vivid detail that the reader can easily form a precise mental picture of what is being written about. The author may accomplish this by using imaginative language, interesting comparisons, and images that appeal to the senses. The Most Important Features: Ã¢â¬ ¢ This type of essay is focusing in descriptions on the senses, to provide vivid and specificRead MoreEssay on 8.3 the Sun Powers Earth`S Climate System837 Words Ã |Ã 4 Pages8.3 The Sun Powers Earth`s Climate System Homework - Thursday 09/06/12 pg. 329 #1-6 1. Explain how the ocean interacts with the SunÃ¢â¬â¢s radiation. The ocean interacts with the SunÃ¢â¬â¢s radiation by reflecting and absorbing the SunÃ¢â¬â¢s radiation. I think the ocean absorbs the radiation because depending on the season the area by the mass of water is about 1Ã °C or 2Ã °C difference in temperature proving the ocean does absorb the SunÃ¢â¬â¢s radiation. Although it absorbs heat I also thing the ocean hasRead MoreBsns106 Finance?1624 Words Ã |Ã 7 Pages 1. What is the distinction between data and information? 2. Describe the four attributes of information quality: Timeliness, Location, Form and Validity. Lecture 3 1. What is business intelligence, and how does it differ from just having information? 2. What is information flow? Describe each of the following directions of information flow Ã¢â¬â Ã¢â¬ ¨horizontal, vertical, incoming/outgoing. 3. Describe each of the steps presented in the slide From Problems to Decisions..Read MorePsychological Study of Life is Beautiful Essay952 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesIn psychology we have learned many different theories that explain human thought processes. In this paper I am using a film called Ã¢â¬Å"Life is BeautifulÃ¢â¬ to illustrate five of them. These theories are attachment, assimilation, accommodation, moral development, and the authoritative parent. I will explain why these are important and show you examples of each from the film. One point of social development that impacts our adult life is love. To get to the point of love we get to know a person, flirt
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Friday, December 13, 2019
The research aims to identify barriers that exist in education on the way to changing studentsÃ¢â¬â¢ learning environments in a positive way. The literature review has revealed that current practices often demonstrate new opportunities willingly embraced by teachers. However, in many cases, teachers are not as susceptible to practices that threaten to have negative effect on their customary routines, in particular exemplified by collaborative teaching. We will write a custom essay sample on Overcoming Barriers to Change or any similar topic only for you Order Now Using teacher survey, the study will determine to what degree such reluctance can stand in the way of the teaching innovation. Introduction Teaching collaboration is an idea that has gained prominence in contemporary educational establishments. Although at first a really unusual practice, collaboration in teaching has been shown to deliver great benefits. For educators themselves, Ã¢â¬Å"collegiality breaks the isolation of the classroom and brings career rewards and daily satisfactionsÃ¢â¬ (Inger, 1993). It also helps beginners and experienced professional learn from each other for improved results and relieves young teachers of the trial-and-error process they are usually immersed in. bringing teachers closer together in a coherent effort, collaborative teaching helps foster cooperation and friendliness between teachers. Collaboration can also go beyond the level of a single school, helping extend new methods to other areas. At the same time, collaboration is not always compatible with school culture and practices and character of an individual teacher; hence come barriers to collaborative teaching. A teacher can be resistant to collaboration in general, being averse to any form of joint efforts in the same classroom. On the other hand, the teacherÃ¢â¬â¢s attitude can embrace collaboration between vocational and academic teachers or those coming from other schools. Therefore, the research problem is as follows: What obstacles do teachers most often face on the path of innovation in their school curriculum that involves collaborative teaching? The study will be focused on teacher perceptions and aim to find material so as to substantiate improvements in collaborative practices. Literature Review Collaboration can occur at any stage of the educational process. Teaching can engage in joint preparation of materials for the classroom sessions or engage in team teaching, or Ã¢â¬Å"organizational and instructional arrangement in which two or more teachers work in the same classroomÃ¢â¬ (Price et al, 2000-2001). Thus, in special education teachers can use a variety of models including the resource room, itinerant, and consultation models (Price et al, 2000-2001). In the process of realizing collaboration models, teachers face barriers that have been categorized by Welch and Sheridan (1995) into four main groups: conceptual barriers, pragmatic barriers, attitudinal barriers, and professional barriers. Conceptual barriers are caused by differences in the definition of roles by different educators, their difference in the processing of material, approaches etc. When teachers face challenges in working out the exact schedule or joining resources for joint effort, this is described as a pragmatic barrier. Attitudinal barriers are the result of fear to try a new approach. Professional barriers arise when teachers cannot cooperate on effective methods of problem solving, lacking adequate skills of working together as a team. Teachers can benefit from the administrationÃ¢â¬â¢s effort to introduce additional measures so as to reduce the possibility of conflict among teachers. For this purpose, it is necessary to introduce concrete rules and procedures that will define the boundaries between their roles and help them establish working relationships. In case of team teaching, Ã¢â¬Å"the problem is getting a balance between enough specificity in prescribing roles so that a bureaucratic rule book is not createdÃ¢â¬ (Price et al, 2000-2001). Most researchers believe that conflict is unavoidable, and therefore strategies for coping with it should be worked out by the administration in advance. A lot depends on the organizational culture as school culture can either stimulate or defy the efforts of teachers to work together. Peterson (2002) identifies two types of culture: cooperative and toxic. Within toxic cultures, individuals are striving to work together for common goals. As a result, teachers can reach effective collaboration more easily than in other organizations. In toxic cultures, on the contrary, individual effort is frustrated because of the lack of common framework. In addition, organizational resources can also be a barrier to innovation that should be represented in teaching communities. Many schools lack adequate programs that can accommodate the participation of two or more teachers. There are even fewer resources available for attracting outside professionals that can participate in collaborative projects. This can serve as a motivator for teachers to desire the continuation of the routines currently present in education. Cooperation between academic and vocational teachers can be prevented by the organizational design of the academic environment in which Ã¢â¬Å"the social and organizational isolation of most vocational teachers is exacerbated by the physical separation and programmatic fragmentation in secondary schoolsÃ¢â¬ (Inger, 1993). The difference in their social status further contributes to the rising walls between these two groups of professionals. Since academic teachers generally have a higher status, they tend to marginalize their vocational colleagues, a situation that discourages cooperation. How to cite Overcoming Barriers to Change, Papers
Posted by Unknown at 9:42 AM
Thursday, December 5, 2019
A Tale of Two Cities by Charles Dickens Essay A Tale of Two Cities by Charles Dickens contained many themes that are practiced throughout the book. Two of these themes are altruism and resurrection. The characters Madame Defarge and Sydney Carton are used to exemplify these themes. Sydney Carton demonstrated an altruistic nature while Madame Defarge had a self-seeking disposition. Carton displayed his charitable nature when Lucie was the object of Mr. Stryvers affection. When Mr. Stryver asked for Sydneys approval, he said that he supported him in his pursuit even though Carton held a secret passion for Lucie. Before Darnays marriage to Lucie, Sydney told Lucie of his hopeless devotion to her and described himself to be undeserving. He also volunteered to embrace any sacrifice for her and those dear to her. Cartons altruism culminated when Darnay became incarcerated in La Force. When Mr. Lorry told Sydney of Darnays predicament, he traveled to France to offer his help. Carton fulfilled his offer to Lucie when he drugged Darnay and took his place in the impending death sentence. Madame Defarge, imbued from her childhood with a brooding sense of wrong, had no traditional morals in her and is the opposite of Carton. In Dickens vivid description of her, she is described as a tigress and absolutely without pity. Her hatred of the Evremondes had grown so profusely that she intended to execute Lucie and her daughter in addition to Darnay who had committed no crime but was to die for the sins of his forefathers. In addition, she ignored her husbands profound pleas to spare Dr. Manette and exclaimed to herself, No, I cannot spare him! Resurrection embodies both Sydney Carton and Therese Defarge. Sydney is resurrected from a desolate life of working under Stryver to sacrificing his life for the sake of Darnay. In the beginning of the story, Sydney is described as a lowly jackal in service to Stryver. He drinks excessively with Stryver and is careless in regard to clothing and speech. After Darnays trial, Carton is described as so careless as to be almost insolent. The trial is followed by a drink with Charles. After Carton has traveled to France, Carton has abstained from drinking and has liberated himself from Stryver. Before his death, he says, I am the Resurrection and the Life, saith the Lord: he that believeth in me, though he were dead, yet shall he live: and whosoever liveth and believeth in me shall never die, which exemplifies his own belief in his resurrection. At his death his face was described as sublime and prophetic. Madame Defarge is resurrected along with the millions of other peasants in the revolution. They restore the power of the people and Madame Defarge is prominent among them. She is now able to take her revenge on the Evremondes. She accomplishes this by her testimony that sends Darnay to jail and attempting to send Lucie and her daughter to jail. Sydney was at first thought to be a careless wretch but proved that he was a kind caring person. His last words sum up his character, It is a far, far better thing that I do, than I have ever done; it is a far, far better rest that I go to than I have ever known. Madame Defarge had been imbued so replete with hatred for the aristocrat class and especially the Evremondes that it was not in her nature to have altruistic characteristics. Similarly, her resurrection was also a resurrection of hatred.
Posted by Unknown at 6:00 AM
Thursday, November 28, 2019
Feminism What is feminism? By general definition, feminism is a philosophy in which women and their contributions are valued. It is based on social, political and economical equality for women. Feminists can be anyone in the population, men, women, girl or boys. Feminism can also be described as a movement. A revolution that includes women and men who wish the world to be equal without boundaries. These boundaries or blockades are better known as discrimination and biases against gender, sexual orientation, age, marital status and economic status. Everyone views the world with his or her own sense of gender and equality. Feminists view the world as being unequal. They wish to see the gender gap and the idea that men are superior to women decreased or even abolished. Carol Gilligan is one woman who has contributed much time and effort to the feminist theory. Her beliefs and ideas are based upon difference feminism. In this essay I will tie the ideas and beliefs of Carol Gilligan with information from our text, the packet read in class and the book, Faces of Feminism. Carol Gilligan is a lecturer and assistant professor at Harvard University as well as a psychologist. She has many theories that deal with moral reasoning and development. In her influential book In a Different Voice, she sets forth the idea that women make decisions "according to a criteria of ethics of care and that men make decisions according to an ethic of rights."(3) In her book, Carol Gilligan also disagrees with Lawrence Kohlbergs' theory, which suggests that "Few people matured fully in their moral reasoning...but women hardly ever did."(2) In her opposition Gilligan stated that "women make moral decisions according to different but equally mature and morally upright reasoning."(2) She feels that women are different because they posses a different hereditary set of values and beliefs. This opposition to Kohlberg's theory was backed by research. Even though there was research done to support Gilligan, it seemed to have experimenter bias. It was not an open or strong experiment and it only observed the actions of the white middle class. This did not give a clear or objective view on the separate criteria of women and men. The views and ideas on moral reasoning and development set forth by Carol Gilligan are those of many difference feminists. Difference feminism is just one type of feminism. It gives a concept that "women should go back to traditional roles"(3) set by society. It also states that gender is natural and is not learned by the society in which one lives. Not all Feminists agree with this theory but there are many feminists, such as Carol Gilligan who agree with this idea that even though men and women are different, they each have their own separate place in society. Difference feminism is "successful because it tells people what they want to hear: women really are different in just the ways that we always thought. ... And men have power, wealth and control of social resources because women do not really want them."(3) This idea of difference feminism sets forth a number of stereotypes. They give feminists and the general public a skewed view of the theory behind the philosophy. In the book Faces of Feminism, feminist theorists were asked, "Do women have to be the same as men to be equal?"(1) The majority of responses were yes. It is believed that in order for women and men to become equal, society must "unlearn and uncondition"(1) the gender roles and standards it has established throughout history. Society and the people in it have set up the basis for gender difference and now many feminists are breaking down those barriers. Carol Gilligans' position on moral development and her views as a feminist, suggest that "women's nature is not something to be replaced, but something to be maintained, indeed celebrated, for the sake both of women and society."(1) This view is tied in with the general definition of feminism, that women should be valued for their accomplishments. Womanhood is important and should be celebrated and praised. On that same note, maleness must also be celebrated and praised. Throughout history men have dominated our culture and now through the work of feminists such as Carol Gilligan, the roles are beginning to shift. There are more women in the workplace and more men staying at home. This idea of gender reversal goes against parts of the difference feminist theory. Bibliography Tobias, Shelia. Faces of Feminism. Westview Press, Colo 1997. Katha Pollitt. 'Are women morally superior to men?" 1992.
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Sunday, November 24, 2019
Answer 4 Questions About Jazz Music Example Answer 4 Questions About Jazz Music Ã¢â¬â Coursework Example Jazz Music Q Styles of Jazz Music Bebop Jazz It developed in the early 1940Ã¢â¬â¢s and established itself as vogue by 1945 (A Passion for Jazz, p1). Its main innovators were Miles Davis, Dizzy Gillespie, and Chalie Parker. Bebop is characterized by fast tempo, instrumental ability, and improvisation based on the amalgamation of harmonic structure and reference to the melody. Bebop soloists engage in harmonic improvisation and often avoid the melody after the first chorusCool JazzIt evolved directly from Bop in the late 1940Ã¢â¬â¢s and 1950Ã¢â¬â¢s (A Passion for Jazz, p1). It smoothed out the mixture of Swing and Bop tones. Miles pioneered cool music, and it softened the dynamics of bebop music. The cool jazz is characterized by relaxed tempos and lighter tone.Classic JazzClassic Jazz also known as Orleans style originated with brass bands that performed for dances and parties in the late 1800Ã¢â¬â¢s (A Passion for Jazz, p1). Classic music is solo oriented. The classic style i ncorporates captions of Ragtime with adaptations of melodies, blues, and hymns. David Miles recorded Kind of Blue, classic music (Luce 1).Hot JazzIn hot jazz, improvised solos characterize the music with melodic structure built up to an emotional and Ã¢â¬ËhotÃ¢â¬â¢ climax. In the rhythm section, there is bass, banjo, drums with high tempo. Miles pioneered the style, as most of his songs were high (Luce 1)..Hard BopIt is an extension of Bebop, which was interrupted by the cool sounds. Hard Bop melodies are soulful than Bebop. The rhythm section of hard bop is more sophisticated, and it is also known as the funky jazz.Q.3Cool jazz is less dense or more spacious. It relies on modern rhythms, for instance, Bossa Nova and rock. It employs less improvisation and has low tempo (A Passion for Jazz, p1). Cool jazz musicians include Monty Budwig, Larry Bunker, Sarah Vaughan, and Gerry Mulligan. However, hard bop is denser, has high tempo, and involves more improvisation. The hard bop musi cians include Miles Davis, Art Blakey, John Coltrane, and Horace Silver among others.Hard bop music majored on the African American identity. Racism and discrimination resulted in opposition of the whiteÃ¢â¬â¢s cool music. The African-American innovated hard bop music to fight for their civil rights and recognition in the American economy. Poverty resulted in the musical differences. Cool jazz was regarded as music for the rich or the whites. Therefore, the poor Africans retaliated by singing hard-bop to demonstrate their dissatisfaction with political, social and economic climate at that time.A Passion for Jazz. Styles of Jazz Music, 2015. Web. May 27, 2015 Luce, Jim. Ã¢â¬Å"Jazz Profiles from NPR Miles Davis: MilesÃ¢â¬â¢ Styles.Ã¢â¬ NPR. 2015. Web. May 27, 2015
Posted by Unknown at 7:14 PM
Thursday, November 21, 2019
Team meeting and thair role - Essay Example The process architecture, as described by Sammie, is where the direct invoice process precisely positioned. The direct invoicing process falls within its value chain. The modelling conventions was adopted and a justification for the choice given. Second, the business process modelling described in a structured manner, together with any of the assumptions related to the process modelled. The process models were presented in a direct invoicing process. It comprised of the value chain of the SSP where the direct invoicing process belongs. By Allen/Vision, the choreography diagram for the direct invoicing process layered a collaboration diagram for the direct invoicing process. The processes were as per the refinement of the choreography and they pertained; central process model by Nicole and the detailed sub-process models by Ibrahim. The processes and the sub-processes presented were sufficiently
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Wednesday, November 20, 2019
Impact of Data Warehousing and OLAP Models on Management Accounting - Thesis Example The use of OLAP and BI tools enable the management accountants to acquire accurate information about all departments. With these tools, a management accountant can draw ideas from the previous happenings of the organization even without much knowledge about the external factors that would lead to collapse of the organization. Owing to these facts, this research work has conducted an in-depth analysis of the impact of OLAP and data warehousing on management accounting. This research work has used the quantitative method of data collection to get opinion from 25 participants from various organizations. The questionnaire has been divided into six sections. The research model has been based on these questions and selected control variables. Statistical analyses in SPSS have been performed on the quantitative data collected to identify the influence of the independent and control variables on the main dependent variable. Descriptive statistics, correlation analysis and regression analysis have been conducted to study the relation between the variables. Based on the analyses it has been found that the factors like familiarity of the organization about OLAP, expertise level and compatibility of accounts department staff, the OLAP cube structure, availability of skilled personnel and the documentation of BRS have major influence on the choice and implementation of OLAP. In addition, the implementation of OLAP is found to have major impact on management accounting procedures leading to improved decision making business strategies.... o 14 2 Identification of research problem 15 3 Main research question and Hypotheses 17 4 Aim and Objectives of the Research 18 5 Methodology of research 18 6 Structure of the research 20 Chapter 2 Ã¢â¬â Literature Review 21-36 2.1. The Traditional Accountant 21 2.2. Challenges faced by The Traditional Accountant 22 2.3. Transition of role 23 2.4. The Data Marts 24 2.5. Introduction to OLAP 25 2.6. OLAP models 26 2.6.1. Data analysis in OLAP 26 2.6.2. OLAP components 26 2.7. The role of OLAP 30 2.8. Mapping the BI 30 2.9. Database Design 32 2.10. Warehouse Management 33 2.11. Challenges and implications of BI tools 35 2.12. Chapter summary 36 Chapter 3 - Theory and Hypotheses 37-51 3.1. Foundation of the study 37 3.2. Familiarity of Organizations 37 3.3. Planning of organizations for OLAP 41 3.4. Changes in other departments and OLAP 43 3.5. Compatibility of management accountants with OLAP 45 3.6. Contribution of OLAP to business strategy 47 3.7. Contribution of OLAP to accountin g 50 3.8. Chapter summary 51 Chapter 4 Ã¢â¬â Research Framework 52-87 4.1. Research methods 52 4.1.1. Survey Research methods 54 4.1.2. Qualitative survey method 54 4.1.3. Quantitative survey method 56 4.2. Sample selection 58 4.3. Data Collection 59 4.4. The Research Model 64 4.4.1. Identification of variables 65 4.4.2. Dependent variable 65 4.4.3. Independent variables 65 4.4.4. Control variables 68 4.5. Research model with variables 70 4.6. Diagnostic tests and issues 72 4.6.1. Descriptive Statistics 73 4.6.2. Inferential Statistics 74 4.7. Overview of SPSS 76 4.7.1. Algorithms supported in SPSS 78 4.7.2. SPSS modeling 78 4.8. Statistical analyses in SPSS 79 4.8.1. Data preparation for SPSS analysis 79 4.8.2. Bivariate and Multivariate Analyses 80 4.8.3. Correlation in SPSS 83 4.8.4. Regression
Posted by Unknown at 10:42 AM
Monday, November 18, 2019
Research paper2 - Essay Example It is often argued that obesity is strongly associated with fast food. Irrespective of young or adult, fast food is getting more popularity among people all over the world. Ã¢â¬Å"A new study shows that toxicperfluoroalkyls, which are used in surface protection treatments and coatings to keep grease from leaking through fast food wrappers, are being ingested by people through their food and showing up as contaminants in bloodÃ¢â¬ (Mercola). Above all, it is an accepted fact that fast food contains more fat contents than any other foods. Therefore, the logic of using fast food on a regular basis is highly debatable. Food is necessary for the sustainment of human life. At the same time, over food and limited food or lack of food are equally responsible for causing health problems. Moreover, modern farming methods are not so good for keeping the health of people. In order to increase the yield, farmers all over the world are using huge amounts of fertilizers, chemicals, and pesticides in their agricultural lands. Crops or food grains developed as a result of such unhealthy farming methods are causing huge health problems in many ways. Above all, increased use of fertilizers chemicals and pesticides is causing huge pollutions to air, land and water. In other words, improper farming methods have the ability to cause multiple problems to all living things in this world, including human beings. Genetically modified food or GM food is a new concept in the farming field. Genetically modified foods are capable of providing more yields. However, the safety of using such foods is still unclear or debateab le. Organic food is one of the most modern concepts developed in the farming field in order to eliminate all the concerns explained above. Ã¢â¬Å"The foods that are cultivated without using any chemical fertilizers and pesticides, processed without adding any of the artificial ingredients and packaged using natural means can be referred as organic foodsÃ¢â¬
Posted by Unknown at 3:45 AM
Friday, November 15, 2019
The role money plays in everyday life Although money plays an important role in everyday life, it takes away the value of being warm and compassionate towards others. We all have a different outlook on money. Some can be mature when handling money by saving for the future or a rainy day, while others believe spending it at the moment it touches their hand while saying, you cant take it with you. How important is money to you? But, if you believe you will have money then you will, if you believe you wont, then you wont have it. Its all about having great motivation and the right attitude in seeking it ambitiously. By not having a positive attitude towards obtaining money, you will ignore the opportunities that are brought to you which may cause you to lose out on money. However, you can begin to attain money in many ways by having being positive and having an open mind about it. Try not having a negative attitude about having money, this way it wont be so hard to attain it. You cannot attract something that deep in your h eart you despise. This is a most common attitude for many people. They desire money, but their attitude is negative and therefore repellent. If you want to attract money, you have first to get rid of all negative thoughts and attitude about it. A habit of many years has to change. (Attitude Towards Money and How to Change it, 2008) Do you make money your first priortiy or is it less important? What is your attitude about money? Most people tend to think that being into the latest fashion is important or going with the most popular items in entertainment is important rather than saving. For instance, I have a family member who seems to be constantly struggling to make ends meet, but once he gets a large amount of money what does he do, he spends it all on material things that have no value. He should learn how to save for a rainy day; eventually they do come back around. When you think positive about money, the outcome is a great one. When thinking negatively about money the outcome can and may leave you destitute. Your thoughts about money can soon become a reality. So keep an open mind about having money. Money is an important part of life, it affects us in all areas of our lives either directly or indirectly. Money affects our relationships, our career choices, education and so on, but what is even more of importance is our attitude towards money. How do you feel about money, what thoughts come to mind wh en you think about money, how do you use money and most importantly why do you have the attitude? This is not so much about how important money is to you, but more about the underlying reason and emotions about money. (Money Attitude Your Money Psychology, 2009). Read more: http://www.dummies.com/how-to/content/examining-your-attitudes-about-managing-money.html#ixzz1JLPkZxUw http://www.successconsciousness.com/blog/affirmations/attitude-toward-money-and-how-to-change-it/, Remez Sasson, dec 09, 2008, Attitude Toward Money and How to Change It Money Attitude Your Money Psychology Money Attitude Your Money Psychology by Ray on October 14, 2009 What is Money Attitude? We have believes and attitudes about everything of importance to us, we have an attitude towards religion, war, fashion etc. and of course we also have an attitude towards money. Money attitude is your beliefs about money; what does money mean to you, what does it represent? How do you feel about money? How much does money influence your non-financial decisions? Money attitude is your way of thinking about money. How is Money Attitude Established? Everyone has an attitude towards money, for some money is a central issue, for others money is just a tool, yet some use money to control things and people. How do we develop our money attitude? Is it a learned behavior and can we change it? As with many attitudes and behaviors money attitude is mainly a learned behavior (although psychologists will continue the nature vs. nurture debate), how you perceive money will heavily depend on your childhood and the environment you grew up in. Did your parents fight about money? Did a parent control the other with money? Did you have wealthy parents who lend you their credit cards? Your past experience and environment is the biggest factor to you money attitude, the good news is that money attitude is a learned behavior and what is learned can be unlearned. Your Money Attitude Given that money affects many areas of our lives it is important for you to have a good understanding of your money attitude. Have you ever taken some time to analyze your emotions about money? If not than this is the perfect time to analyze your money attitude, get a better understanding of your perception of money, how do you feel about money? Why Care About Your Money Attitude? Our emotions control most of our behavior, these can be desirable behaviors or undesirable. Many of the choices we make in life from marriage to careers and education all stem from our emotions. Making financial decisions is not any different than any other decisions we make in life; do you feel that it is important to show how much money you have? Maybe your parents grew up during the war and great depression and you have learned importance of saving for a rainy day. No matter what your money attitude is, if you want to have a better understanding of you finances, control your finances and make changes to your undesirable financial behaviors than you need to understand your money attitude. Without understanding how you feel about money and where those emotions come from you will not be able to successful make changes to your financial life. Money changes everything: exploring your attitudes toward money can be the first step in making personal and global transformations by Frances Lefkowitz | Sept, 2004 Lets talk money. Not numbers, but feelings. Because the way we feel about money saysand shapesmore about us than we realize. Usually money is seen in black-and-white terms: We have enough of it or we dont. But money is also a hugely emotional, psychological and symbolic entity in our lives; we each bring our own meanings, emotions and experiences to our relationship with it, says psychotherapist Kate Levinson, Ph.D. In leading her Emotional Currency workshops, Levinson finds that such feelings can be a catalyst for personal transformation. Its an incredibly good vehicle for seeing our issues and vulnerabilities because it touches on almost all aspects of life and it reveals deep parts of our psyches, including our needs, fears and desires, she says. Most PopularCBS MoneyWatch.com Blogs 6 Things You Should Never Reveal on Facebook 10 Best Worst States to Make a Living How to Protect Your Retirement Savings from Identity Theft and Internet Fraud 10 Steps to Avoid Losing Your Shirt in a Divorce Frugal to a Fault? 6 Dumb Money Saving Mistakes Money affects career and relationship choices, and shows up in issues of control, safety, self esteem and well-being, says Deborah Price, a money coach in Healdsburg, Calif., and author of Money Magic: Unleashing Your True Potential for Prosperity and Fulfillment. Just about every decision we make, and much of our personality, is formed in some way, shape or form by our beliefs around money. Price, like Levinson and a small but growing new breed of money therapists and holistic financial planners, believes that talking about money is not just good for the bank account, its also good for the soul. Women, couples and baby boomers in particular seem to be responding to this new approach to money management. People are looking for help with the whole picture, says investment advisor Christopher Peck of Holistic Solutions in Sebastopol, Calif. Theres a growing perception that things like money, feelings and what happens in your community arent separate. love and money Equating love and money is a habit we often pick up from our families, says Price. Rather than saying I love you or spending time showing it, parents indulge their children with material gifts as a way of demonstrating or compensating for affection. When these kids become adults, they can feel unloved unless they are being given something. Money can be a hot-button issue for women because its intertwined with the concept of caretaking. You could take two independent, capable people, but when you put them in a relationship, their expectations around money change. A lot of old stuff surfaces, says Price. Suddenly, a woman may feel that the man should be the provider, and if he isnt, then he doesnt love her enough, Price explains. Self-worth issues easily become magnified in relationshipsand the lower the self-esteem, the higher the need or expectation. Thats what happened with a couple who came to see Levinson. Both partners were self-sufficient, with good jobs, incomes and credit ratings. But after their wedding, the wife began mismanaging money and racking up debt. Marriage uncovered her need to feel taken care of, and overspending was a way of asking for attention. Once the couple understood this, the husband made a greater effort to look after his wifebut in non-monetary ways like cooking and running errands. The wifes overspending stopped, and she had become aware of a powerful, hidden desire. When couples sort out their money problems together, says Mark Zaifman, of Spiritus Financial Planning in Santa Rosa, Calif., they learn how to work as a team to solve other problems as well. health and wealth Money is the No. 1 source of stress for 73 percent of Americans, according to a recent survey conducted by the American Psychological Associationand stress over money definitely has an effect on your physical well-being, says Zaifman, who teaches a Financial Wellness Series at Santa Rosas Integrative Medical Clinic. These connections are prompting experts to redefine their concept of financial fitness. Its about attending to both the financial and the emotional aspects of our money lives, and integrating our beliefs, needs, values, relationships, passions and desires into our decisions about earning, spending and investing, says Levinson. Advisors like Peck help create portfolios that reflect this. He wants people to ask themselves, How is what Im doing with my money helping to build a better world? Similarly, Price queries her clients, How are you using money in your life to transform yourself and the world around you? These are the right questions, says Lynne Twist, author of The Soul of Money: Transforming Your Relationship With Money and Life. When our money life aligns with our heart and soul, thats financial wellness, thats prosperity, says Twist. Its through the act of generosity that we experience our financial wellness. strategy and change So where do we begin? Price tells clients to write a money biography, a personal history that documents their experiences with money from childhood to the present. Another tool she utilizes is a life inventory, an overall net-worth statement. (See How to Create Your Perfect Money Relationship, at right.) According to Prices clients, this can spark change. The biography and other exercises help you see what qualities youre not paying attention to, says Vivian Nast Faulkner, a stained-glass artist in Kansas City, Kan. Faulkner had always had trouble putting a price on her work, she says, because I wasnt including myself in the financial equation. Working with a money coach helped her to discover her inner assetsshes a quick learner, for example, and she has a talent for recognizing opportunityand to raise her prices to match the going rates. Be the kind of woman that when your feet hit the ground each morning the devil says, OH CRAP, SHES UP!
Posted by Unknown at 4:16 PM
Wednesday, November 13, 2019
Introduction Evolution suggests that life began as relatively small and simple organism and developed into various complex organisms today. Charles Darwin proposed his Theory of Evolution, forming the foundation of evolutionary biology. He suggested that the origins of new life and evolution are caused by natural selection over successive generations. It allows differential reproduction of genotypes. There are five principles drawn upon the observation and assumption of evolution, which are reproductive potential, constancy of number, struggle for existence, individual differences and inheritance of traits. According to DarwinÃ¢â¬â¢s Theory of Evolution, differences in species are caused by continuous and accumulative small changes over a long period of time. The development of high heels works in a similar way. Over the centuries, high heels were gradually transformed from a product of the patriarchal society1 into a fashion design item. There exist different types and different appearances of high heels. Although high heels are non-living things, DarwinÃ¢â¬â¢s Theory of Evolution is applicable to describe the changes of them regarding the five characteristics of evolution. The aim of this essay is to demonstrate how to apply DarwinÃ¢â¬â¢s Theory of Evolution to the development of high heels. This essay begins by explaining the evolution of the high heel. It will then focus on application of five characteristics of evolution. Evolution of high heels Being a type of footwear, high heels mark the class, social status and personality of individuals as what the shoes in general function. In ancient times dated from 1000 BC, high heels provided a high social status. Nowadays, high heels are one of the fashionable items. Time Event... ... Meaning of High Heels? [Internet]. [cited 2011 Oct 24]. Available from: http://www.psychologytoday.com/blog/in-the-trenches/200909/the-psychology-women-what-is-the-meaning-high-heels 4. Darwin, C. 1959. On the Origin of Species by Means of Natural Selection, or, the Preservation of Favoured Races in the Struggle for Life. London: J. Murray. 5. History of High Heels [Internet]. [cited 2011 Oct 24]. Available from: http://www.mysexyhiheels.com/history/history.html 6. Gad S. Why are high heels so enticing? [Internet]. [cited 2011 Oct 24]. Available from: http://www.psychologytoday.com/blog/homo-consumericus/200902/why-are-high-heels-so-enticing 7. E.O. Smith High heels and evolution, Psychology, Evolution & Gender 1.3 December 1999 pp.245-277, Journal 30 8. Hillary J. Less talk, more talk: An evolutionary motive for wearing high heels, St. Ambrose University.
Posted by Unknown at 4:47 AM
Sunday, November 10, 2019
Mr. Mort Philman is a 64-year old Caucasian male. His wrinkles, grey hair, and slightly stooping stance reflect his age. According to him, his body no longer functions the way it had for the past years. His renal heart failure gradually declines his health and his most recent surgery seriously affected his daily routine.Being bedridden for weeks deprived him of the pleasure of doing the activities which he used to be engaged in. As for his cognitive functioning, his memory is still intact; he can still recognize his caregiver, sons, and other relatives. He is also updated when it comes to current events despite being homed in an institution for the elderly.He had been happily married to his wife for 31 years, until his wife passed away in 2006 due to breast cancer. They were blessed with two sons who now have families of their own. They visit him in the institution once every two weeks.However, Mort still feels weary and sad because of loneliness and constant feeling of nostalgia. Th e more he grows old, the more he feels futile about living.Coming from a working-class family, Mort had to work to fund his schooling. When he was in his early 20Ã¢â¬â¢s, he was working as a bartender and at the same time attending college in California. He was an outgoing type of person and wanted to be with his friends most of the time, but his work schedule did not allow him to do that.Also, he did not have much time for love relationships at such an early time because he focused on his studies and work. He learned to drink because of his job, but only did it occasionally because of his health condition. He was also advised by his doctor not to smoke because this would affect his heart ailment badly.Fortunately, Mort was able to finish college with a degree in Accountancy. He got a good-paying job in an accounting firm located in New York where he met his first girlfriend/future wife. At this point, he was living independently albeit he couldnÃ¢â¬â¢t afford to buy his own hou se.He got married at a practical age of thirty-two and his wife gave birth to their first son, Jed, a year after their wedding. His wife quitted her job to become a full-fledged housewife and mother to their son. Before JedÃ¢â¬â¢s 2nd birthday, his wife gave birth to another boy named Lloyd. They were living a simple yet happy family life until his first heart attack when he was 48 years old.This had an immense impact on his career and home life as well because his sickness was incapacitating. Nevertheless, he was able to recover and go back to work for another six years. By that time, his health was deteriorating and had to stay home. This stagnation greatly affected his personality wherein he felt helpless and had to depend on his eldest son.Several years later, his wife was diagnosed of having breast cancer and eventually died because of it. This became another mishap in his life which made him more depressed and alone. This build-up of negative feelings caused him another hear t attack which required surgery for him to survive.Since his sons were afraid that no one can attend to him when another heart attack occurs, they admitted him to an institution that cares for the elderly.Analyzing MortÃ¢â¬â¢s development from early to late adulthood, there are different areas to be discussed. Concerning his physical development, Mort underwent the normal changes in an individual: decline of physical performance, noticeable wrinkling and sagging of the skin, grey hair, and reduced perceptual acuity like blurred vision (Santrock, 2002).His main health concern is his heart condition which he has been nursing since he was young but eventually became severe when he experienced emotional difficulties during middle adulthood. For his cognitive development, it is observed that MortÃ¢â¬â¢s functioning is in the reflective, pragmatic and realistic according to PiagetÃ¢â¬â¢s view of human cognitive development (Plotnik, 1999).These characteristics are manifested by his capacity to introspect, make logical assumptions and address his present situation.Delving into MortÃ¢â¬â¢s moral development, with regards to KohlbergÃ¢â¬â¢s theory of moral progression, it can be inferred that he has reached Stage 5 (Social Contract). With his experiences and wisdom, Mort has appreciated and evaluated the government laws since he believes that it promotes equity and human rights.To give a concrete example, he succumbed to his sonsÃ¢â¬â¢ decision of placing him in an institution for the elderly because he is aware that it is for the common good (Santrock, 2002). Lastly, taking into account EriksonÃ¢â¬â¢s psychosocial stages of development, Mort was able to achieve intimacy during young adulthood.However, he stagnated during middle adulthood due to his heart condition and this developed into despair just recently catalyzed by his wifeÃ¢â¬â¢s death. Moreover, even though he has accepted what happened in his life, his pessimism and feelings of inadequacy rem ain.It is recommended that Mort continue having medical check-ups to address his heart condition. It is also advised that he join a support group for people of his age and be given the opportunity to perform worthwhile activities.His family should also allot more time for him and be involved in some of his activities. Such recommendations could help him restore his self-esteem and let him enjoy the remaining years of his life.References:Plotnik, R. (1999). Introduction to Psychology (5th ed.). USA: New York Publishing Inc.Santrock, J.W. (2002). Life-Span Development 8th ed. New York: McGraw-Hill
Posted by Unknown at 10:39 PM
Friday, November 8, 2019
Energy Drinks essays How many of us have looked for or used something to boost our energy. Most of us have turned to energy drinks for this problem. Most of us never even realize what is in them or how it could effect us. So do they work are not? Lets find out. Energy drinks contain drugs that can seriously hurt and damage your body. The most harmful drug found in most energy drinks is ephedra. This chemical is related to the chemicals found in speed, Ritalin, and cold medications. Ephedra can cause serious heart complications, strokes, seizures, and even death. So how do energy drinks help give us that little boost? Well most contain twenty to thirty grams of carbohydrates and one hundred and twenty-five calories. Carbohydrates are our bodys main source of energy. For people wanting to lose weight the extra calories can actually make you gain weight. Energy drinks also contain other substances such as, salt, caffeine, and taurine. None of this helps to increase performance. Vitamin B is the best ingredient in energy drinks, but there are easier and cheaper ways to get this. So what effects do energy drinks have on us? Well besides causing high blood pressure and killing your pocket book there not really good for anything. Most of the ingredients are dumped right out of the body because they are seen as a foreign substance. So just remember this the next time your tempted to buy some fancy hyped up drink. What looks good on the outside could kill you on the inside. ...
Posted by Unknown at 4:37 PM
Wednesday, November 6, 2019
Do You Need a Teaching Degree to Be a Teacher SAT / ACT Prep Online Guides and Tips If you have a goal of becoming a K-12 teacher, there are a number of ways to become licensed. Depending on where and what you want to teach, you can pursue a degree from an approved teacher education program or a means of alternative certification. In this article, weÃ¢â¬â¢ll cover how and where you can get a teaching degree, as well as which type of certification is best for your situation. Do You Need a Teaching Degree to Become a Teacher? Bottom line: do you need a teaching degree to become a teacher? Well, itÃ¢â¬â¢s complicated. Speaking from personal experience, IÃ¢â¬â¢m a licensed teacher in the state of Tennessee with endorsements in three subject areas. However, I never got a teaching degree; I received an alternative license through Teach for America. What you need to become a teacher will be dependent on the state you want to teach in and what you want to teach. Some states will allow alternative certifications; some will not. Some will require specialized coursework if you want to teach certain subjects (e.g., upper grades math); some will not. You can find information on your stateÃ¢â¬â¢s requirements by visiting your stateÃ¢â¬â¢s department of education website. How to Get a Teaching License If you want to become a teacher at a public school in the United States, you need to obtain a teacherÃ¢â¬â¢s license. Each of the 50 states has its own process and requirements for obtaining a teacherÃ¢â¬â¢s license. Most states require that you complete some sort of teacher training program (e.g., obtaining a bachelorÃ¢â¬â¢s degree in education) and pass standardized tests that prove your mastery of the content youÃ¢â¬â¢re teaching. You might also need to have supervised teaching experience, such as working for a year as a student-teacher. Once you obtain your teacherÃ¢â¬â¢s license, youÃ¢â¬â¢ll likely need to keep your license in good standing by participating in continuing education programs or taking other tests. Types of Teaching Degrees There are a number of different types of teaching degrees. Depending on what you want to teach, you might choose to pursue one of these paths. AssociateÃ¢â¬â¢s Teaching Degree An associateÃ¢â¬â¢s teaching degree is one that you get by completing your associateÃ¢â¬â¢s program. An associateÃ¢â¬â¢s program usually takes two years and you can complete it at a community college. If you receive an associateÃ¢â¬â¢s degree in education, you probably wonÃ¢â¬â¢t be able to be a full, lead classroom teacher. The vast majority of states require at least a bachelorÃ¢â¬â¢s degree for you to be the head teacher. AssociateÃ¢â¬â¢s degrees qualify you to work as an assistant teacher or to work in pre-K. YouÃ¢â¬â¢ll take classes on basic principles of education and pedagogy. You might complete an internship in a school, but probably wonÃ¢â¬â¢t do a full student-teaching semester, as associateÃ¢â¬â¢s degree programs are already quite short. BachelorÃ¢â¬â¢s Teaching Degree A bachelorÃ¢â¬â¢s teaching degree requires you to complete a four or five year program at a traditional college or university. In a four-year program, youÃ¢â¬â¢ll take classes on basic principles of education and pedagogy. YouÃ¢â¬â¢ll likely also choose to specialize in a specific teaching area, like elementary or high school education. If you decide to be an elementary school teacher, youÃ¢â¬â¢ll take more classes on foundational learning objectives. If you decide to be a middle or high school grades teacher, youÃ¢â¬â¢ll take classes on how to teach specific subject areas. Most bachelorÃ¢â¬â¢s programs require you to do at least one semester of student teaching, if not a full year. TheyÃ¢â¬â¢ll also prepare you to take teacher licensing exams, like the Praxis exams. In most states, obtaining a four-year bachelorÃ¢â¬â¢s teaching degree will qualify you to be an apprentice teacher leading your own classroom. MasterÃ¢â¬â¢s Teaching Degree A masterÃ¢â¬â¢s teaching degree gives you more specialized training in your field. Most masterÃ¢â¬â¢s programs are one or two years long. Obtaining a masterÃ¢â¬â¢s degree can open you to more options in your teaching career. Some teaching fields, like special education, require more training in certain states. Most school districts also offer higher salary levels for teachers with masterÃ¢â¬â¢s degrees. As part of your masterÃ¢â¬â¢s degree program, youÃ¢â¬â¢ll likely have to do field work. This field work will be different than regular student teaching. You might be conducting research for a capstone project or observing specific programs. Obtaining a masterÃ¢â¬â¢s degree will qualify you to be a lead teacher in your subject area. Alternative Paths to Teaching If you donÃ¢â¬â¢t have a college degree in teaching, you might still be able to be a K-12 teacher. Here are some alternative paths to teaching. Working at a Non-Traditional School If you want to be a teacher but donÃ¢â¬â¢t have a teaching degree, you might be able to work at a non-traditional school. While public schools managed by state and local departments of education have strict licensing requirements, schools that manage themselves set their own requirements for hiring teachers. Charter schools and private schools, for instance, often allow candidates with certain skills or experiences to become teachers, even without teaching experience. For instance, if you worked as a biology researcher, you might be allowed to become a science teacher, even if you donÃ¢â¬â¢t have any teaching experience. Going Through an Alternative Certification Program Alternative certification programs like Teach for America provide candidates with a nontraditional path to become a teacher. These certification programs work with specific school districts to become a licensing body, just like a college or university. Alternative certification programs have their own requirements and youÃ¢â¬â¢ll have to apply to be accepted. Depending on where you are and what program youÃ¢â¬â¢re in, youÃ¢â¬â¢ll need to complete different types of training. Teach for America, for instance, requires its corps members to complete an intensive summer program. Alternative certification programs work with school districts to help you obtain your license by fulfilling their requirements. Obtaining Subject Matter Expertise Depending on your state and what youÃ¢â¬â¢d like to teach, you might be able to get a teaching license by demonstrating subject matter expertise. This path to your teacherÃ¢â¬â¢s license is typically for people who want to teach upper-level subjects, like AP biology or calculus. You can demonstrate subject matter expertise through a combination of work experience and education. YouÃ¢â¬â¢ll need to research your districtÃ¢â¬â¢s requirements to see if this path is an option for where you want to teach. Teaching Degrees: The Bottom Line The type of teaching degree youÃ¢â¬â¢ll need depends on where and what you want to teach. Each state has its own requirements. You can pursue a teaching degree through a traditional program, like a bachelorÃ¢â¬â¢s degree at a college or university, or through an alternative means of certification. WhatÃ¢â¬â¢s Next? Getting ready to take the GED?Read our complete guide on GEDs for everything you need to know about this important exam. If you're hoping to attend college but are unsure howto begin the search process, check out this step by step guide for doing college research. If you're looking to get a teaching degree, you may choose to attend community college for a year or two and then transfer to a four-year college. Read our complete guide to transferring colleges to learn more about this process.
Posted by Unknown at 10:35 AM
Monday, November 4, 2019
Response paper - Essay Example The entire discussion would have ceased to exist and this would have meant serious problems for the debate that stems here. Since God is all-powerful, all-knowing and completely concerned with justice and the well-being of human beings, He knows for sure what men and women would ideally want within their lives and how the same should be given to them Ã¢â¬â either abundantly or in scarce capacity. The dictum that surrounds around this philosophy is one which points out the suffering and evil which has started to make waves for all the wrong reasons. Ideally this was something that should have been avoided yet the same does not happen because individuals hailing from any society of the world are bound to go wrong in their actions, behaviors and the thinking ideologies that exist within their aegis. If God created all the good things on this earth, He surely created the wrongdoings and evil as well. He knew it beforehand that man would have to choose on his own which route to adopt a nd which way forward is his success destined. This is in line with the understanding that God has been kind to everyone and gives His people a chance to showcase who they truly are and how they can represent their best selves to their maximum possible levels. My friend is acting as the devilÃ¢â¬â¢s advocate and is defending the notion that evil has been made present because it is an opposing force and acts parallel with God, which for me is simply an unacceptable entity. This is because I do not see any other being to be as powerful or even coming anywhere close to how God performs on a daily basis (Peterson, 1998). There could be high-tech robots in place, superficial structures and evil factories giving their best, but there cannot be another God in this world. It has to be felt in a much higher stead to make sure that evil is there of GodÃ¢â¬â¢s own making and not
Posted by Unknown at 3:33 AM
Friday, November 1, 2019
How much oil is there in the world - Term Paper Example Tiny plants and animals and die and sink to the bottom of shallow waters. Then clay and silt cover the thin layer of organisms which begin to decay. The process becomes repetitive and after millions of years, the clay sand, silt from rocks, and the decomposed organisms beneath the rock layers generate into a dark heavy liquid now known as OIL. With reference to LeeÃ¢â¬â¢s article Ã¢â¬Å"What is Oil?Ã¢â¬ it is used facilitate a variety of things. It contributes to the creation of fuel, paint, detergent, trash bags etc once it is refined. However, the most widespread use of oil is the fueling of our vehicles, as oil is the main source of locomotion. History of Oil Historians speculate that oil has been flowing since the time of Herodotus-(a Greek Historian during the 5th century), but was being used as a liniment of medicine and not as fuel and also for building purposes. The history of usesÃ¢â¬â¢ website explained that oil flows from springs just like water. Some of these sprin gs were in western Pennsylvania and obtained by the Seneca Indians, who used it for medicinal purposes. The site also reported that that the first oil well was drilled by Edwin Drake in 1859 in the area. An article from bydesign.com reported that the well was 69 feet deep and produced 15 barrels a day. The area quickly blossomed and the modern oil industry was born. Then later Texas and Oklahoma became the centers of US production. In addition the Middle East became a major supplier for US use as well after World War II. In previous generations, oil as a fuel was used as kerosene for lighting, replacing animal, vegetable and coal oils. It also became popular in the furnaces then the most popular with the development of automobiles. Presently all modes of transportation; cars, trucks, buses trains, ships or airplanes are fueled by oil, diesel or gasoline. Fuel Oil has become so predominantly essential that it is burnt to produce electricity which has always been a coalÃ¢â¬â¢s job. Locating the Oil The Science of locating oil is done through a variety of methods and is the main responsibility of Geologists. First they have to find the best conditions for an oil trap and best sources of rock as well as reservoir rocks and entrapment. According to Craig Freudenrich PhD, and Jonathon Strickland, geologists, many years ago interpreted surface features, surface rocks and soil types and perhaps some small core samples obtained by shallow drilling as a method of locating oil. In comparison to the modern era they now use sensitive gravity meters to measure changes in the EarthÃ¢â¬â¢s gravitational field which could indicate flowing oil. In addition they use sensitive magnetometers to measure changes in the earthÃ¢â¬â¢s magnetic field caused by flowing oil. Furthermore, they can detect the smell of hydrocarbons, using sensitive electronic noses called sniffers. However, the most common method used in detecting oil is seismology. By using seismology, it creates shoc k waves that pass through hidden rock layers and interpret the waves that are reflected at the surface. The shock waves are created by either of the following; a compressed air gun which shoots pulses of air into the water, or a thumper truck which slams heavy plates into the ground or by explosives which are detonated after being drilled into the ground or thrown overboard. As marked by Freudenrich and Strickland, the shock waves created by seismology
Posted by Unknown at 9:09 PM
Wednesday, October 30, 2019
Developing a business plan - Assignment Example The other way is to increase labor and expertise in handling the needs of our clients better. The product logistics and quality controls will be essential in defining the way these products take place. A vertical retail presence in crucial catalogues and e-commerce avenues will be pursued. Advertisement by creating a buzz about this new brand will be made especially amongst opinion leaders based on a combination of product placement and public relations. To achieve this, the needed abilities are good technological backgrounds. The goal is to have a system that enhances customer experiences through the acknowledgement of feedback from the users. The company is also leveraging on its current technology that ensures it can use its services to benefits its clients and provide a solution to their needs. The capabilities lacking are in mass production, which could hinder the number of outlets served. The current number requires an adjustment (Rumelt, 2011). The products are ladiesÃ¢â¬â¢ creams for both day and night. They will be produced at our manufacturing plant and sold by representatives across the board in both retail and wholesale shops. The goal is to create a wide supply chain team to ensure the products reach out to the largest audience. The sellers will be getting a commission when dealing directly with the company, while those in retail will get lower prices to ensure they profit from stocking our products. The development processes are unique in that they encompass the utility of the ideals of modern technology combine with appropriate understanding of biological attributes of the human body. The production takes place at a facility that follows the required criterion that assures the client of a quality product. The marketing aspect takes place on both new and traditional media, with the new media taking the highest form. This is because most of the targeted clients use these forms of media for communication and information. Products are
Posted by Unknown at 9:06 PM
Monday, October 28, 2019
Environmental Groups Essay Environmental Groups Tiffany Tremaine May 2, 2011 Environmental Policies 310 Instructor: David Monda Environmental Working Group known as EWG is an Environmental interest group working to protect kids from toxic chemicals in our food, water, air, and other products we use every day. The mission of the Environmental Working Group is to use the power of public information to protect public health and the environment. EWG is a 501(c) (3) non-profit organization, founded in 1993 by Ken Cook and Richard Wiles. In 2002, we founded the EWG Action Fund, a 501(c) (4) organization that advocates on Capitol Hill for health-protective and subsidy-shifting policies. EWG specializes in providing useful resources (like Skin Deep and the EWGs Shoppers Guide to PesticidesÃ¢â ¢) to consumers while simultaneously pushing for national policy change. EWG two main goals are to protect the most vulnerable segments of the human populationÃ¢â¬âchildren, babies, and infants in the wombÃ¢â¬âfrom health problems attributed to a wide array of toxic contaminants and to replace federal policies, including government subsidies that damage the environment and natural resources, with policies that invest in conservation and sustainable development. Their research brings to light unsettling facts that you have a right to know. It shames and shakes up polluters and their lobbyists. It rattles politicians and shapes policy. It persuades bureaucracies to rethink science and strengthen regulation. It provides practical information you can use to protect your family and community. And because our investigations and interactive websites tend to make news, youve probably heard about them. EWG primary funding is donations, grants, corporations backing, as well as interest and support from every day people. The cost is whatever the member (supporter) would like to donate. There are many different ways to donate and the donations can either be tax right offs or not. EWG gives many ways to donate, credit card or check, and their supporters can either make a one-time contribution or pay monthly. The donation helps support EWG Action Funds Kid-Safe Chemicals Campaign fight for organic produce, get dangerous chemicals out of your food and water, and protect your favorite national parks from mining destruction. In 2009 and 2010 EWG have accomplished Toxic chemical reform, Energy policy, Banning BPA, Highlighting cell phone radiation risks, Shedding light on secret chemicals, Pushing for more effective sunscreens, Banning phthalates, Phasing out Deca, Protecting ground water from gas-drilling chemicals, Saving the Grand Canyon, and Fighting for safer tap water. EWG motives, viewpoints, and organizational features make them successful in the public policy arena. This Environmental Working Group is successful in the public policy arena. After researching just a couple of their accomplishments are in the public arena. References Z. Smith, 2009, The Environmental Policy Paradox, 5th Edition 1993, http://www. ewg. org/
Posted by Unknown at 6:36 PM
Saturday, October 26, 2019
Ever since the dawn of manÃ¢â¬â¢s search for justice, the death penalty, has been a consequence for particularly heinous crimes. Over the years society has debated whether the death penalty is cruel and unusual punishment. People who oppose of the death penalty view supporters as gun-slinging "rednecks" who live in the backwoods of America. Likewise, supporters view those who oppose the death penalty as uptight "suits" who live in mansions and believes that every person, no matter their crime, deserves to live. Those who oppose the death penalty argue that life in prison is a preferable solution to the death penalty. The supporters of the death penalty argue that HammurabiÃ¢â¬â¢s code, an eye for an eye, a tooth for a tooth, a life for a life, is an accurate mantra for the death penalty. The death penalty has a long debatable history, but it is a justifiable and fitting punishment for crimes that require more than a slap on the wrist and probation. The death penalty has been a form of punishment since the beginning of time. The first death penalty laws are dated back as far as the Eighteenth Century B.C. These laws were put forth in the Code of King Hammurabi of Babylon (Death Penalty Information Center, n.d.). Then around Tenth Century A.D. hanging became the new and usual method of execution (Death Penalty Information Center, n.d.). Today the chosen methods of execution are lethal injection, electrocution, lethal gas, hanging, and firing squad (Amnesty International, n.d.). According to Amnesty International USA, thirty-five of the states that have a death penalty use lethal injection as a form of execution (Amnesty International, n.d.). Also, according to Amnesty International USA, nine states use electrocution, six states use lethal ga... ... Center. National statistics on the death penalty and race. (n.d.) Retrieved from http://www.deathpenaltyinfo.org/race-death-row-inmates-executed-1976. Death Penalty Information Center. Part I: history of the death penalty. (n.d.). Retrieved from http://www.deathpenaltyinfo.org/part-i-history-death-penalty. Newport, F. (2007, October 7). Sixty-nine percent of americans support death penalty. Retrieved from http://www.gallup.com. Harrison, K., and Melville, C. (2007). The death penalty by lethal injection and hill v McDonough: is the USA starting to see sense? Journal of Criminal Law, 167-180. Retrieved from http://heinonline.org/HOL/Page?handle=hein.journals/jcriml71&div=41&g_sent=1&collection=journals. ProCon.org. Top 10 pros and cons: should the death penalty be allowed?. (n.d.). Retrieved from http://deathpenalty.procon.org/view.resource.php?resourceID=002000#3
Posted by Unknown at 4:08 PM
Thursday, October 24, 2019
Admissions Essay - Died Last Night "Jane died last night." His voice, though quiet, seemed strained. "Are you all right?" I asked. There was a pause. "She wouldn't let go. Do you remember when we were working out a few years ago and you told me Jane looked as if she were going to fall over? She would have if the instructor hadn't told her to sit down. She was so angry with herself for not being able to go on. It was like that at the end. Her heart would stop for long periods and then she would breathe and it would start again. I finally had to tell her it was O.K. and that she should go to sleep." Diagnosed with lymphoma four years ago, Jane had been at war with her disease since. She had lived longer than expected. She had been a fighter. He wasn't telling me for my sake. I was listening because he needed to tell someone. She had not only been his wife, she had been his world. They had had one of those rare relationships where they had loved each other so deeply it was often to the exclusion of the rest of the world. She had been awarded her black belt in Karate the day before she died. She was 52. I had a few hours to kill before meeting my mentor at Swedish-American Hospital so I asked a physician I know to introduce me to someone in the ER whom I could follow. Whenever the books begin to get too heavy and the study hours too long, I head for the hospital to watch surgery or spend time in the ER following doctors. It helps me to remember that the practice of medicine involves taking care of people, not just their bodies. For the first 45 minutes we had the normal whirlwind of fractures, hypoglycemic diabetics, patients in respiratory distress and assorted minor difficulties, and then the call came over the radio. Fourteen year-old male, gunshot wound to the head. Four minutes of organized commotion later I watched as a multitude of attendants swarmed over the body of a boy who had treated life as a game and was losing. Quickly nurses and technicians sliced his clothes away to gain access to life-sustaining blood vessels.
Posted by Unknown at 9:17 PM
Wednesday, October 23, 2019
Traffic accidents are as ordinary as anyoneÃ¢â¬â¢s bacon and egg in their breakfast meals. They are as common as snow in Alaska and as desert in the Middle East. Highway accidents no more shock nor scare anyone for driving. No, not even the ones who have been victims themselves. In a study made by Froedtert & the Medical College of Wisconsin conducted in 2004 to 2005, the researchers found that there were about 90 percent of the respondents have relatives who have experienced car crash. What seems intriguing here is that fact that 56 percent of the respondents never changed their bad driving habits.Staying behind the wheel is not what is risky about driving: the risk lies on the driver. The risk of traffic accidents is not measured by the driverÃ¢â¬â¢s age, expertise and knowledge; neither does it depends on the model of the car being driven but rather on the driverÃ¢â¬â¢s driving habits. Anyone who wants to know how common bad drivers are? Let anyone list the habits of a good driver and the bad driver as well and you will see that it is easier to list bad driving habits than the good ones.The Wisconsin Department of Transportation reported an about 800 fatalities due to motor vehicle traffic crashes (C. Sadler). Of this figure, 42 percent were alcohol-related, 33 percent is speed-related and 19 percent was attributed to the influence of both. IN a separate study made by the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration in 2005, motor vehicle crashes are the leading cause of death for 15-20 year olds. The list of the causes of these accidents is quite long and all of the items are bad driving habits.It ranges from not wearing seatbelts, eating and drinking while driving, answering calls and even texting. The list goes on with tailgating and over speeding to the weird habit of applying make up while driving. So what directly causes the accidents is the driverÃ¢â¬â¢s inattention. Ã¢â¬Å"Driver inattention is the most prevalent cause of collisionsÃ¢â¬ , reported the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration. The same study also revealed the top five bad driving habits that they have done in the last thirty days.Seventy nine percent had the habit of changing the radio station or CD and 61 % did exceed the speed limit as well as driving without both hands in the steering wheel. Fifty one percent honestly admitted answering calls and 45% were eating while driving. Bad driving habits make a bad driver. If traffic accidents statistics are to be the basis, I can say that we really have too many bad drivers on the road. Ã¢â¬Å"People can often assume they are better drivers than they actually areÃ¢â¬ (M. German). The main point here is that drivers often place a high regard on their driving abilities and skills.They often put too much confidence on their driving that they tend to forget that they are on the road and not simply sitting on their couches at home. So what am I driving at? I mean what am I trying to point out here? Dr iving is not all about skills, abilities and experience; it is about discipline. If every driver just conforms to traffic rules and regulations, there will be lesser road accidents. If every driver just brings a dose of patience on their way, then there should have been lesser vehicle collisions caused by drivers who wanted to own the highways.If parents and elders just teach and show their children the right driving attitude, there should have been much less of the teens that represent 14% of the driving fatalities (AAA Foundation for Traffic Safety). There should not have been about 31,000 of them, aging from 15 to 17 years old who were killed in crashes (AAA Foundation for Traffic Safety, 1995 to 2004). Elders should do less of the driving habits like talking on the phone, listening to music, eating and speeding in order to shape the younger generation into disciplined drivers. The law must make sure that the road is close for bad drivers.
Posted by Unknown at 8:01 PM
Tuesday, October 22, 2019
that begin with the letter Ã¢â¬Å"bÃ¢â¬ or emphasizing nursery rhymes). The authors also discuss that it is important to keep students busy by providing them with activities that are going to be challenging. Key Points In this article, several important strategies regarding effective teaching of literacy are addressed. They include: 1. Classroom Organization Ã¢â¬â The teacher should use a combination of whole class, group and individual teaching. The article suggests that it is important to group students according to the needs of the students in the group. The teacher needs to organize the literacy lesson to accomplish that goal. 2. Task Setting Ã¢â¬â The teacher needs to prepare the lesson plans well and provide challenges to students to gain new skills and knowledge about literacy. 3. Task Content Ã¢â¬â The teacher needs to be aware of each studentÃ¢â¬â¢s ability and try to match the needs of each student appropriately. 4. Teaching Skills Ã¢â¬â The teacher should spend the majority of classroom time teaching students and observing their works. 5. Pace Ã¢â¬â The teacher needs to learn what reading ability each student has. Then, the teacher needs to develop a pace for the students to learn. 6. Modeling Ã¢â¬â The teacher should demonstrate literacy by reading out loud to the students, demonstrating enjoyment for writing and reading. 7. Teacher-Pupil Interactions Ã¢â¬â The teacher can help the student by interacting, observing and providing feedbac... Free Essays on Effective Teaching Free Essays on Effective Teaching Fox, R., Medwell, J., Poulson, L., & Wray, D. (2000). The teaching practices of effective teachers of literacy. Education Review, 52, 75-84. Summary I reviewed a journal article entitled, The Teaching Practices of Effective Teachers of Literacy (Fox, Medall, Poulson, & Wray, 2000). In this article the authors discuss effective teaching practices of literacy teachers. These practices include assisting students in making connections between text, sentences or words (for example, writing words that begin with the letter Ã¢â¬Å"bÃ¢â¬ or emphasizing nursery rhymes). The authors also discuss that it is important to keep students busy by providing them with activities that are going to be challenging. Key Points In this article, several important strategies regarding effective teaching of literacy are addressed. They include: 1. Classroom Organization Ã¢â¬â The teacher should use a combination of whole class, group and individual teaching. The article suggests that it is important to group students according to the needs of the students in the group. The teacher needs to organize the literacy lesson to accomplish that goal. 2. Task Setting Ã¢â¬â The teacher needs to prepare the lesson plans well and provide challenges to students to gain new skills and knowledge about literacy. 3. Task Content Ã¢â¬â The teacher needs to be aware of each studentÃ¢â¬â¢s ability and try to match the needs of each student appropriately. 4. Teaching Skills Ã¢â¬â The teacher should spend the majority of classroom time teaching students and observing their works. 5. Pace Ã¢â¬â The teacher needs to learn what reading ability each student has. Then, the teacher needs to develop a pace for the students to learn. 6. Modeling Ã¢â¬â The teacher should demonstrate literacy by reading out loud to the students, demonstrating enjoyment for writing and reading. 7. Teacher-Pupil Interactions Ã¢â¬â The teacher can help the student by interacting, observing and providing feedbac...
Posted by Unknown at 5:01 PM
Monday, October 21, 2019
Explain the Difference Between Absolutist and Relativist Ethics Essay Example Explain the Difference Between Absolutist and Relativist Ethics Paper Explain the Difference Between Absolutist and Relativist Ethics Paper Explain the difference between absolutist and relativist ethics. The Absolutist theory is the theory that certain things are right or wrong from an objective point of view and cannot change according to culture. Certain actions are intrinsically right or wrong, which means they are right or wrong in themselves. This is also known as deontological. The relativist theory is the theory that there are no universally valid moral principles. All principles and values are relative to a particular culture or age. Ethical relativism means that there is no such thing as good Ã¢â¬Å"in itselfÃ¢â¬ , but if an action seems good to you and bad to me, that is it, and there is no objective basis for us to discover the truth. This theory is also known as teleological. An example of an absolutist ethical system would be if a single mother with a very young child had no money and therefore no food to feed the child, and she stole some food from the shop and the mother was caught and had a trial, an absolutist would argue that its morally wrong to steal and should suffer the consequences of the crime. They donÃ¢â¬â¢t take into account the situation the person might be in and use an absolute law. However, this is in contrast to the alternative ethical system, called Ã¢â¬Å"relativistÃ¢â¬ , because this system is really the complete opposite. Again IÃ¢â¬â¢ll use the same example as I did for absolutist. If a relativist was looking at this they would take into consideration the situation the woman might be in and empathize with her and try to find an outcome that is the most fair. One reason to support the absolutist approach as the only defensible approach is that it provides justification for acting which means that morality seems to demand some sort of obligation. If thereÃ¢â¬â¢s a fixed moral code then there is no obligation to act in a way. Another Strength is that it gives clear guidelines, which basically means the rules are fixed and clear to apply. In contrast to these strengths, there are weaknesses to this theory, one being that ignores the circumstances. This is a weakness because this seems rather cold and ignores the personÃ¢â¬â¢s circumstances. Surely all situations are different and need to be viewed from other peopleÃ¢â¬â¢s positions? In contrast to the absolutist theory, the relativist theory is completely opposite to what the absolutist theory states. A strength of the relativist theory is that it avoids judging one culture against the other. This is because morality is relative and that would suggest that no culture can critisise another.
Posted by Unknown at 7:05 PM
Sunday, October 20, 2019
In Janus, Andreas lover buys her a bowl at a crafts fair. It was his idea that when he could not be there to hold her hand she could hold her own.(16) Throughout this story Andrea becomes attached to the bowl because it reminds her of her lover. The author takes the audience through the many stages of Andreas love affair. In Janus Ann Beattie uses a bowl as a symbol of love. In the beginning of the story, Andrea views the bowl as perfect. She is excited about her new love. Perhaps it was not what youd select if you faced a shelf of bowls, and not the sort of thing that would inevitably attract a lot of attention at a crafts fair. Yet it had real presence.(1) Andreas perfect love is not something people agree with and they simply choose not to see it. She wants to make the bowl blend in with the objects around it. The bowl was not at all ostentatious, or even so noticeable that anyone would suspect that it had been put in place deliberately. (4) Andrea is careful where she is seen with her lover. No one would ever suspect him. The bowl is placed on the coffee table in her home. She didnt keep it carefully wrapped (although she transported it that way, in a box).(6) Andrea is careless with the bowl in the comfort of her home, however in public she is extremely careful and wraps it in a box. This is how Andrea must be with her lover. In their secret places they can let loose and show their love for each other. In public they must keep this love concealed. Andrea wants the bowl to be empty at all times. She asks her husband not to drop his house key in the bowl. The emptiness in the bowl is the empty space in her heart where the love she once had for her husband used to be. The bowl (her lover) is taking that place. Andrea does not want her husband in it.
Posted by Unknown at 6:02 PM
Saturday, October 19, 2019
Nanotechnology benefits and effects in military application - Essay Example Various debates have been held by different researching groups and governments to discuss the implications of nanotechnology in future. This is because the technology has a potential of creating many materials and devices that have wide applications in fields such as energy, medicine, military, engineering, computing and electronics. In fact, the military field started early to appreciate the significance of nanotechnology and expects more from it. The field has actually spent a lot of money researching on it than any other field. Despite the good results that have emerged and still expected to emerge as a result of nanotechnology, it has raised other issues of concern which include the potential effects of nanomaterials on the global economy, the impacts of nanomaterials in the environment, its effects on health and other speculative issues (Roco, 2006). Therefore, the advocacy groups and governments have been debating whether it is possible to warrant special regulations on nanotec hnology. This essay discusses the benefits and effects of nanotechnology in military. Nanotechnology has various benefits in the military field. First, nanotechnology helps to create the uniform materials for the soldiers. The idea behind using nanotechnology to make soldierÃ¢â¬â¢s uniforms is to make them more comfortable, more lightweight and more high tech. In addition, nanoparticles can be injected on the materials used to make solderÃ¢â¬â¢s uniforms to make them more durable, and to protect the soldiers from dangerous effects like high temperatures and chemical effects. The nanoparticles put on the uniformÃ¢â¬â¢s material protect soldiers by combining together when a suspicious thing hits the armor hardening the area that is hit. This act of stiffening helps to reduce the impact of that thing that hit or stroke the armor. By lessening the impact force, the soldiers wearing the uniform are protected from the injuries they would have
Posted by Unknown at 4:59 PM
Friday, October 18, 2019
Why is the term recruitment often used incorrectly What is the correct term and expand on the whole process for filling a job vacancy - Assignment Example It seems that the correct use of the term recruitment is a prerequisite for the development of effective recruitment plans. On the other hand, problems in filling a job vacancy are difficult to be avoided. If the term Ã¢â¬ËrecruitmentÃ¢â¬â¢ is used in its correct meaning it can ensure the limitation of severe failures in the recruitment process. There are many reasons for the incorrect use of the term recruitment. According to DÃ¢â¬â¢Annunzio-Green, managers tend to use incorrectly the term Ã¢â¬ËrecruitmentÃ¢â¬â¢ when they are not aware of their organizationÃ¢â¬â¢s culture (107). It is further explained that managers who are new in the organization and who have the responsibility for designing or developing the recruitment process can make severe mistakes mostly because they are not aware of their organizationÃ¢â¬â¢s culture and goals (DÃ¢â¬â¢Annunzio-Green 107). The above risk can be avoided by offering to managers a period of time for understanding the organizationÃ¢â¬â¢s culture. Foot and Hook give a different explanation for the appearance of wrong use of the term recruitment in organizations. According to the above researchers, in many organizations tasks related to recruitment are assigned to managers who are not appropriately specialized (Foot and Hook 40). Reference is made, for example, to the line managers who are often asked to take part in the design or the development of the recruitment process without having relevant experience (Foot and Hook 40). The fact that line managers may be aware of their organizationÃ¢â¬â¢s culture (DÃ¢â¬â¢Annunzio-Green 107) does not give them the competency for being involved in the recruitment process. The responsibility of managers for the wrong use of the term Ã¢â¬ËrecruitmentÃ¢â¬â¢ in modern organizations is also highlighted in the study of Taylor, Doherty and McGraw. In the above study it is made clear that mistakes during the recruitment process are quite common in firms
Posted by Unknown at 3:56 PM